Forest protections covers all the creatures altogether with the habitats they live in (forest stand including soil, litter, groundcover and undergrowth). The aim is to minimize harms made by pathogenic organisms, not their total destruction.
The main aim of forest protection is to protect the forest against damages done by the following threatening factors :
· abiotic environment – these are processes that occur in inanimate nature, f.ex. frosts, draughts, heavy rain falls, strong winds.
· biotic environment – there are a few factors of animate nature, that cause danger for forests, f.ex. insects, pathogenic fungi.
· anthropogenic factors – directly connected with human activity, f. ex. industrial emissions, water pollution, lowering the level of the underground waters.